Yoga, Pilates and Related Programs
Pilates uses resistance training and a rotation of 500 exercises to work the body's midsection, improve muscle tone, balance, coordination, posture, and mental focus. The most common types of Pilates are mat Pilates and reformer Pilates.
Daily downward-dogging can slim, stretch, and tone every limb, ligament, bone, and muscle of the body. Yoga improves bodily and mental health through a series of controlled poses and breathing patterns, some of which focus on relaxation techniques and others that develop flexibility, strength, balance, and concentration. Popular types of yoga include Bikram yoga (hot yoga), Vinyasa yoga (flow yoga), Iyengar yoga and Kundalini yoga.
Gyrotonic and Gyrokinesis
Gyrotonic and Gyrokinesis were developed by Juliu Horvath, a Hungarian dancer who spent many years as a principal dancer for the Romanian State Opera, and then later on, for the New York City Opera and the Houston Ballet. He first developed a system called "Yoga for Dancers" that involved yoga-inspired exercises done on a mat, and later introduced several pieces of equipment to add resistance to the workout.
The Bar Method
Founded by former German dancer Lotte Berk, the Bar Method is one of the latest exercise techniques to makes waves among celebrities and gym aficionados. It combines vigorous ballet barre routines (hence the name) with gentle, rehabilitative movements.